Learn about Mushroom Cultivation in India for a Profitable Mushroom Farming Business from a single room, grow Oyster Mushroom and Button Mushroom in India.
Different species of mushrooms have different needs at the level of the composition of the substrate, and the conditions of the environment in which it develops. When mushroom cultivation is our livelihood, we must optimize environmental conditions to obtain maximum yields.
In this article, we will discuss the mushroom cultivation techniques for different varieties of mushrooms, defining the cultivation facilities, and choosing the most proper mycelium varieties for each circumstance.
Companies are specializing in the production of substrates for the cultivation of different mushroom (oyster mushroom, champignon, shiitake, thistle mushroom, poplar mushroom ). The best option is to buy the substrate and focus on the adequacy of the cloning facilities and providing the right environmental conditions.
Growing mushrooms are often done as an interest or professionally. Techniques for cultivating Chinese black mushrooms, oysters, buttons, and straw mushrooms are documented; however, many different strategies give smart yields. Some mushrooms are additionally easy and faster to grow for the amateur, like the paddy agaric and also the oyster agaric. The selection of mushrooms to grow typically depends on what’s on the market as a growing substrate.
Shiitake Mushroom Cultivation
Shiitake mushrooms (Lentinula edodes) are full-grown on healthy hardwood logs of the many species. Logs should be soaked or already dampish, from three-5 inches in diameter and around 3 1/2 feet long. Several holes are trained for substance on the length of the log at a planned spacing. The wood substance is introduced into these holes to a depth of one in.. Soft wax is employed to seal the outlet, and it’s conjointly wont to seal the log ends throughout dry seasons.
Logs are stacked diagonally on a support or in triangles so lined to assist maintain humidness. Throughout a 2-month amount, they’re inspected double for growth and potential contamination by the inexperienced Trichoderma flora.
Spawn growth is evident by the looks of white thread-like growth (mycelium) around vaccination sites and at the top of the logs. Throughout now, keeping the logs dampish is very important if the climate is dry. Mature is forced by soaking the logs. The logs are prepared after they show decisive spawn run throughout and at the log ends. Because the logs dry subsequently, mature can begin.
Oyster Mushroom Cultivation
In nature, oyster mushrooms (Pleurotis ostreatus) grow from fallen trees. They’ll be full-grown in the same manner because the Chinese black mushroom, however, spawns, is often introduced in several ways that, as well as cutting an in. Slice off the top of the log, so nailing it back on once vaccinating the cut end. Inoculated logs are placed in black polythene luggage containing wet sand or vermiculite, so placed during a serene space. Mature begins a few months later.
Commercial production of this flora uses substrates like cut wheat straw, oilseed hulls, sawdust, composted straw, or mixtures. Ground sedimentary rock is accessorial at one p.c weight/weight to some substrates to regulate the pH scale. These substrates are change integrity before the substance is introduced. Material is accessorial at from one.5 to five p.c of the substrate weight. The inoculated substrate is often placed in beds, plastic luggage, trays, or bottles. Production time is comparable to it with logs.
Button Mushroom Cultivation
The Button Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) is full-grown on an excellent form of composts and those created with horse or manure and plant wastes like wheat straw and corn cobs. Mushroom spawn is accessorial to the change integrity compost at around one pound per square measure of bed space (160 pounds of the substrate).
Once the flora colonizes the compost, with fifty p.c of the extent showing white plant structure, the substrate is cased (topped) with a mix of lime and vegetable matter (pH of 7-7.5). Mushroom spawn is typically accessible to the casing to extend yield.
After that, it takes every week to ten days for the flora to begin promise or manufacturing mushroom plant, organ precursors. Reducing the incubation temperature to sixty degrees F from the incubation temperature of seventy-five degrees helps initiate production. During a week to ten days once promise, mature mushroom buttons seem.