Complete Ceremony Explained: Pran Pratishtha at Ayodhya Ram Temple

1. Introduction

Pran Pratishtha

As the date for the Pran Pratishtha ceremony at the Ayodhya Ram temple approaches, anticipation and excitement fill the air. Scheduled for January 22, 2024, this sacred ritual is poised to etch itself permanently into the pages of history, adding a new chapter to the spiritual legacy of Ayodhya.

2. Understanding Pran Pratishtha

Pran Pratishtha

Pran Pratishtha, translated as the ‘infusion of life,’ is a ceremonial act that holds immense significance in Hindu traditions. It is the process through which an inert idol transforms into a deity, bestowed with the ability to receive prayers and grant blessings. Let’s delve into the intricate steps that define this sacred journey.

3. Shobha Yatra: A Prelude to Holiness

Pran Pratishtha

One of the initial stages leading to Pran Pratishtha is the ‘Shobha Yatra’—a vibrant procession of the idol around the temple’s neighborhood. Scheduled for January 17, this event serves as a communal expression of devotion. As the idol is paraded, the energy and devotion of onlookers contribute to the spiritual alchemy, imbuing the idol with divine strength.

4. The Act of Pran Pratishtha

Pran Pratishtha

Dr. Dipakbhai Jyotishacharya, from Parashar Jyotishalaya in Gujarat’s Vapi, sheds light on the essence of Pran Pratishtha. This ceremony is not limited to fixed temple idols; it extends to household idols that can be moved about. The chanting of mantras during Pran Pratishtha is a dual prayer—to bring the idol to life and to prepare it to relinquish that life if the need arises for replacement.

5. Adhivas: Healing and Purification for Pran Pratishtha


The subsequent step in the Pran Pratishtha journey involves multiple ‘adhivaas,’ where the idol undergoes immersion in various materials. For one night, the idol is kept in water (‘jalãdhivãs‘), followed by immersion in grain (‘dhãnyãdhivãs’). Dr. Sunder Narayan Jha, a professor at the Department of Veda at the Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri National Sanskrit University, explains that these stages serve not only to purify the idol but also to identify any defects in the crafting process.

6. Ritual Bath and Abhishek

Post-adhivas, the idol receives a ritual bath, and its ‘abhishek’ is performed with various materials. The scale of the ceremony determines the materials used, ranging from ‘panchamrut’ to water containing the essence of fragrant flowers, leaves, cow horns, and sugar cane juice. These rituals symbolize the sanctification of the idol, preparing it for the culmination of the Pran Pratishtha ceremony.

7. Netronmeelan: Opening the Eyes

The most pivotal moment in Pran Pratishtha is ‘netronmeelan’—the opening of the deity’s eyes. This ceremony involves chanting mantras that invoke various Gods to animate different parts of the idol. Following this, the final step is the application of ‘anjan’ around the deity’s eyes using a gold needle. This symbolic act marks the idol ‘coming to life,’ ready to receive the devotion of the worshippers.

8. The Spiritual Essence of Pran Pratishtha

Pran Pratishtha goes beyond a mere ritual; it embodies a profound spiritual journey. The energy and devotion infused into the idol during this ceremony are believed to resonate within the temple, creating an environment conducive to spiritual awakening for the worshippers.

9. The Role of Pran Pratishtha in Ayodhya Ram Temple

The Ayodhya Ram temple, as the backdrop for this sacred ritual, holds a unique historical and cultural significance. The Pran Pratishtha at this temple aligns with the rich legacy of Lord Ram’s connection to Ayodhya, making the ceremony not just a religious event but a cultural celebration.

10. Challenges and Controversies Surrounding Pran Pratishtha

Throughout history, the Ayodhya Ram temple has faced challenges and controversies related to Pran Pratishtha. Debates and discussions around the construction and execution of the ritual have added layers to the temple’s narrative, making it a subject of both spiritual and socio-political significance.

Many saints have claimed that Pran Pratishtha cannot be done at an under-construction temple. Which many claim is wrong to say, as the sanctum sanctorum (garbha griha) has been been completed. According to vedas and purans, Pran Pratishtha should be done before a temple is fully completed.

11. Pran Pratishtha in Modern Times

In the contemporary landscape, Pran Pratishtha has evolved to adapt to changing times. Innovations in rituals and practices ensure the continuation of this sacred tradition in a manner that resonates with the current generation. The use of technology and outreach initiatives play a role in preserving and spreading awareness about Pran Pratishtha.

12. Global Recognition of Pran Pratishtha

Beyond the borders of India, Pran Pratishtha has gained recognition, contributing to the global understanding of Hinduism. The universal appeal of this ritual transcends cultural boundaries, fostering cross-cultural appreciation for the spiritual traditions embedded in Pran Pratishtha.

13. Preserving Tradition and Initiatives for the Future

Efforts to preserve and promote the Pran Pratishtha tradition involve educational initiatives and community engagement. The younger generation actively participates, ensuring the continuation of this ancient practice. Initiatives are in place to educate and involve the community, emphasizing the importance of passing down these traditions to future generations.

14. Testimonials and Devotee Experiences

Devotees share heartfelt experiences of spiritual awakening during Pran Pratishtha. These testimonials underline the profound impact this ritual has on individuals, creating lifelong memories and connections. Personal stories contribute to the collective narrative of devotion associated with the Ayodhya Ram temple.

15. Future Prospects of Pran Pratishtha

Looking ahead, the practice of Pran Pratishtha is poised for further development. Technological advancements may play a role in preserving and disseminating the essence of this sacred ritual to a global audience. The future holds potential developments in the practice, with an emphasis on maintaining the authenticity and sanctity of Pran Pratishtha.


Is Pran Pratishtha specific to the Ayodhya Ram temple, or is it practiced in other Hindu temples as well?

Pran Pratishtha is a common ritual in many Hindu temples, symbolizing the infusion of divine energy into the deity.

How often is Pran Pratishtha conducted at the Ayodhya Ram temple?

Pran Pratishtha is performed during the consecration of a new deity or when the temple undergoes significant renovations.

Can non-Hindus participate in Pran Pratishtha ceremonies?

While the ceremony is rooted in Hindu tradition, many temples welcome visitors from diverse backgrounds to witness the ritual.

What role do the priests play in the Pran Pratishtha ceremony?

Priests conduct the intricate rituals, chanting sacred mantras, and performing symbolic gestures to infuse divine energy into the deity.

How can one learn more about Pran Pratishtha and its significance?

To delve deeper into the ritual’s meaning and cultural importance, individuals can attend temple events, read relevant literature, and engage with knowledgeable practitioners.

Archit Vats

Archit Vats is a multifaceted content creator and author at Digital Indian. With a thriving YouTube channel boasting 340k subscribers, Archit shares insightful and informative videos about India and the world. His passion for knowledge and dedication to educating others is evident in his engaging content. As an author at Digital Indian, Archit continues to contribute valuable insights and perspectives, enriching the platform with his expertise. Whether it's tech, culture, or global trends, Archit's work is a valuable resource for anyone looking to stay informed and inspired.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button